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Title: Integrating Science into Design Technology Projects: Using a Standard Model in the Design Process PDF
Url: http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JTE/v13n2/pdf/zubrowski.pdf
Creator: Zubrowski, Bernard
Publisher: Journal of Technology Education
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Description: Technology education at the elementary and middle school levels has been undergoing major revisions in recent years. There are currently a variety of pedagogical approaches to introduce elementary and middle school students to the processes and content of technological know-how and knowledge. These approaches span a range from a completely open-ended design challenge to a tightly structured, lengthy curriculum program. Given that there is an on-going debate about the nature of technology education and that current practices may be seen as transitional in nature, there are shortcomings in these practices that need to be addressed. One problem shared with other domains, such as science and mathematics, is a lack of depth. There is a need to balance the making of models or products with critical thinking. In addition, it is recognized that basic science knowledge would enrich and result in a more effective design process, at least in some areas of engineering technology. Given the time constraints of elementary and middle school teachers, this possible enrichment tends to be neglected. Coming at this from the other direction are science curriculum programs and teachers who recognize the highly motivating aspects of design problems. They tend to emphasize the inquiry process over the design process. What could be a mutually reinforcing and rich undertaking, where inquiry and design are dealt with in-depth, currently tends to be a situation where both are slighted. I will propose a pedagogical model that attempts to address this issue by advocating a special type of integration. This will be illustrated by a case study of a 4th grade class building and investigating a model windmill. I will illustrate how the introduction of what I call a "standard model" can be used to help students develop some basic scientific understanding, which can then be applied to making a more effective design. I will also discuss some issues of implementation that need to be addressed if such an approach is adopted.

Target Audience: General Public
LC Classification: Bibliography. Library science. Information resources (General) -- Subject bibliography -- Education -- Special topics, A-Z -- Engineering education
Education -- Special aspects of education -- Types of education -- Industrial education (General) -- High technology and education
Education -- Theory and practice of education -- Teaching (Principles and practice) -- Instructional systems -- Instructional systems design
GEM Subject: Science -- Engineering
Vocational Education -- Trade and industrial
Resource Type: Instructional Materials
Reading Materials
Science Materials
Teaching Guides
Format: pdf
Audience: College/University Instructors
Higher Education
Secondary Education
Technical School First Cycle
Technical School Second Cycle
University First Cycle
University Second Cycle
Vocational Training
Language: English
Access Rights: Free access
Source Type: ATE Center
Source: National Center for Manufacturing Education
Full Record Views: 17
Resource URL Clicks: 1
Cumulative Rating: NOT YET RATED
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